Applying for an Economic Injury Disaster Loan

The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has designated COVID-19 as a qualifying event for the provision of Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) for businesses and private non-profits in declared zones. All information below can also be found here on the Michigan SBDC website.

UPDATE: Thursday, March 19, 2020, 2:57 PM: Governor Gretchen Whitmer announced today the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has approved her request for a statewide Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration, opening the opportunity to small businesses to access low-interest loans from the SBA.

“This designation unlocks critical financial resources for small businesses across the state impacted by the tough, but necessary steps we have taken to mitigate the spread of coronavirus here in Michigan,” Whitmer said. “While access to these loans is vital, we are continuing to look at every resource available to support our businesses, communities and entrepreneurs around the state impacted by coronavirus.”

UPDATE: Wednesday, May 6, 2020, 9:32 PM

EIDL is open but is processing loan requests that were submitted at the end of March and received a 200 series loan application number. Applicants with this 200 series loan number are encouraged to reapply via the portal with that number that was given.
EIDL is also now open also for those in the Agriculture Industry.
For EIDL Borrowers
  1. Due to appropriate funding level, SBA is unable to accept new applicants. Applications already submitted will be processed on a first-come, first-served basis.
  2. For update on EIDL portal reopen time frame, please sign up SBA newsletter for update here.
  3. The District Office has no visibility on the status of EIDL Loans and no authority to overrule the loan decisions made by Office of Disaster Assistance.
  4. Please call our Disaster Customer Service Center at 1-800-659-2955 or, for the deaf and hard-of-hearing 1-800-877-8339 (Monday through Friday from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm, Saturday and Sunday from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm Eastern Time) or email

Here’s what you should know:

  1. DONE – The SBA must make a disaster declaration for Michigan before the funds become available.
  2. The business applying for the EIDL must be located in a county declared a disaster zone.
  3. Status Update: Governor Gretchen Whitmer announced at 2:57pm that the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has approved her request for a statewide Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration, opening the opportunity to small businesses to access low-interest loans from the SBA.

What is the EIDL?

The EIDL is a low-interest, fixed-rate loan that can provide up to $2 million in assistance for a small business. SBA’s Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDLs) funds come directly from the U.S. Treasury. Applicants do not go through a bank to apply, and instead, apply directly to SBA’s Disaster Assistance Program.

Update 3-26-20: The SBA has removed the credit requirements for the Economic Injury Disaster Loans.  Those that have already been denied for credit will be contacted by the SBA and asked to resubmit. Also, the deferment period is 11 months now, with the first payment due on the 12th month.

Upcoming Economic Injury Disaster Loan Application Trainings: An Overview of Applying

New training opportunities and information will be added, please continue to follow for the latest list.GROW Is here to assist local small businesses through this process

Here is a Step By Step Guide on How To Apply

Actual loan amounts are based on the amount of economic injury. These loans provide vital economic support to small businesses to help overcome the temporary loss of revenue they are experiencing because of COVID-19. The EIDL helps meet the necessary financial obligations that your business or private non-profit organization could have met had the disaster not occurred. EIDLs do not replace lost sales or revenue.

Is my business eligible to apply for the EIDL?

The EIDL provides up to $2 million of financial assistance to small businesses or private, non-profit organizations that suffer substantial economic injury as a direct result of the declared disaster. This includes:

  • Businesses directly affected by the disaster
  • Businesses that offer services directly related to the businesses in the declaration
  • Other businesses indirectly related to the industry that are likely to be harmed by losses in their community (Example: Manufacturer of widgets may be eligible as well as the wholesaler and retailer of the product.

Depending on your industry, a small business could be defined as a business with a maximum of 250 employees or a maximum of 1,500 employees. The business can be a sole proprietorship, LLC, corporation, or private non-profit.  To see if your business qualifies, see the SBA’s definition of a small business here. 

Organizations that are not eligible include agricultural enterprises, religious and charitable organizations, gambling concerns (Ex: Concerns that derive more than 1/3 of their annual gross revenue from legal gambling activities), and casinos and racetracks (Ex: Businesses whose purpose for being is gambling (e.g., casinos, racetracks, poker parlors, etc.) are not eligible for EIDL assistance regardless of 1/3 criteria above.

What can the funds be used for?
These working capital loans may be used to pay:

  • fixed debts
  • payroll
  • accounts payable and
  • other bills that can’t be paid because of the disaster’s impact.

The working capital loan may not be used for refinancing, expansion, growth of any kind, or infrastructure improvements.

What is the lending criteria?

  • Credit history  Applicants must have a credit history that is acceptable to the SBA. The SBA will look at extenuating circumstances if bad credit is recent and can be shown to be caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Repayment – As with all loans, you will need to prove that you have the ability to repay the loan.
  • Collateral – When applying for loans greater than $25,000, the business must provide collateral The SBA requires borrowers to pledge what is available including real estate. Loans under $25,000 can be unsecured.

What are the terms?

The interest rate is 3.75% for small businesses without credit available elsewhere; businesses with credit available elsewhere are not eligible.

SBA offers loans with long-term repayments in order to keep payments affordable, up to a maximum of 30 years. Terms are determined on a case-by-case basis, based upon each borrower’s ability to repay.

When can I apply?

We recommend you apply as soon as Michigan is designated as an approved zone. You can sign up to receive an alert from the SBDC when the loan application is available here.

Here’s what you can do to prepare:

Gather the following information:

  • Most recent Federal Tax Return
  • Year-End Profit & Loss Statement
  • A current year to date Profit & Loss Statement
  • Monthly break down of sales figures

Get Familiar with the Necessary SBA Forms:


Contact GROW with Questions & Help

If you need help understanding the EIDL, need assistance in completing the application, or have questions regarding the economic recovery process, please contact GROW today. We are ready to assist you however we can in this time of need.